Annotated bibliography an annotated bibliography is a great tool to help scholarly writers move from the research to the drafting phase of a writing project, particularly when managing a large number of sources a bibliography is an alphabetized list of sources relevant to a particular area of inquiry or research question an. An annotated bibliography is the full citation of a source followed by notes and commentary about a source the word “annotate” means “critical or explanatory notes” and the word “bibliography” means “a list of sources” format: note: there is no official apa format for an annotated bibliography. Please note a verbal error in this video regarding serif v sans serif fonts times new roman is a serif font arial or calibri are examples of sans serif fonts this is a brief screencast of creating an apa format annotated bibliography it includes how to locate information in an article to create an apa citation. If you are asked to use the apa format for an annotated bibliography, use the reference list formatting for the bibliographic entries and please confirm with your professor annotations are descriptive and critical they expose the author's point of view, clarity and appropriateness of expression, and authority. What is an annotated bibliography an annotated bibliography provides a brief account of the available research on a given topic it is a list of research sources that includes concise descriptions and evaluations of each source the annotation usually contains a brief summary of content and a short analysis or evaluation.
In an annotated bibliography, each source in the list is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph of 4-5 sentences (approx sample entries for the three main types of annotated bibliographies using apa, mla, and chicago styles: summary/descriptive, critical/evaluative, and combination. This handout provides information about annotated bibliographies in mla, apa, and cms. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited, and to state how this source will be used in or relevant to the paper or project thus, an annotated bibliography has two main parts: the citation of your book, article, webpage, video, or document (in apa style ). An annotated bibliography might be an overview of a topic, or it might be something you write in preparation for a specific research essay many annotated note that both apa and chicago require text to be double-spaced, but your instructor might provide other instructions also be careful to use.
Critical annotation example in apa format is reproduced from how to write annotated bibliographies on the memorial university libraries website critical annotation example in mla format is reproduced from writing an annotated bibliography on the saint mary's university library's website. Annotations are descriptive and critical they may describe the author's point of view, authority, or clarity and appropriateness of expression online citation guides for both the modern language association (mla) and the american psychological association (apa) styles are linked from the library's.
An entry in an annotated bibliography includes the citation information (written in an accepted citation style, such as mla or apa) and a brief description and analysis of a in addition, see distinguishing scholarly journals from other periodicals and evaluating websites for strategies for thinking critically about a source. Highlight this passage and replace it with your annotation in a descriptive annotation, you merely describe what the book, web page, or article is about in a critical bibliography, you provide a descriptive annotation, and you evaluate the success or reliability of the book, web page, or article you might also compare or.
An annotated bibliography is sometimes given as an assessment task at the beginning of a research project to encourage you to survey and reflect on what has already been discovered about your topic however, it might also be given as a stand-alone assignment to develop your research and critical thinking skills. An annotated bibliography is the full apa reference of a source followed by notes and commentary about a source the word “annotate” means “critical or explanatory notes” and the word “bibliography” means “a list of sources” annotations are meant to be critical in addition to being descriptive. The following annotated bibliography is one possible, general example students should be alert and adhere to specific requirements that might vary with each professor's assignment or to the course subject discipline apa now requires the use of the doi (digital object identifier), if the doi is known, in place of the.